As an independent European structure which fosters cooperation among European energy regulators, ACER ensures that market integration and the harmonisation of regulatory frameworks are achieved within the framework of the EU’s energy policy objectives.

Grid website of the German federal network Agency – website is for public information.

Bürgerdialog Stromnetz
Public dialogue process initiated by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. BMWi.

The Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER) is the voice of Europe’s national regulators of electricity and gas at EU and international level.

CORDIS is the European Commission’s primary public repository and portal to disseminate information on all EU-funded research projects and their results in the broadest sense.

The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) represents all electric TSOs in the EU and others connected to their networks, for all regions, and for all their technical and market issues.

Energy Union
A European Energy Union will ensure that Europe has secure, affordable and climate-friendly energy. Wiser energy use while fighting climate change is both a spur for new jobs and growth and an investment in Europe’s future.

European Commission
European Commission – Home Page.

EC Directorate-General for Research and Innovation
The DG defines and implements European Research and Innovation (R&I) policy with a view to achieving the goals of the Europe 2020 strategy and its key flagship initiative, the Innovation Union.

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy
Grid related homepage of the BMWi.

Strategic Energy Technology Information System (SETIS)
The Information System for the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan).

The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan
The SET-Plan establishes an energy technology policy for Europe. It’s a strategic plan to accelerate the development and deployment of cost-effective low carbon technologies.

Relevant EU projects

Modernising and expanding the European electricity grid is an imperative building block to enable the transition of Europe’s energy system from fossil fuel dependence towards renewable energy. However, planning and realising grid development projects is often difficult and time consuming due to local opposition, complex permitting procedures and the challenges of minimising impacts on nature and host communities.The BESTGRID project tackles these problems by approaching current European grid development projects in innovative ways.

ENLARGE is a 2-year project led by Istituto per la ricerca sociale (IRS) and funded by the European Union. It aims to generate and disseminate knowledge on participatory governance with focus on sustainable energy, through a process of dialogue and exchange involving policy makers, civil society actors and practitioners.

The e-Highway2050 project is supported by the EU Seventh Framework Programme and is aimed at developing a methodology to support the planning of the Pan-European Transmission Network, focusing on 2020 to 2050, to ensure the reliable delivery of renewable electricity and pan-European market integration. The project will result in a modular development plan for possible electricity high-ways and options for a complete pan-European grid architecture, based on various future power system scenarios.

GRID+ has been created for providing operational support for the development of the European Electricity Grids Initiative (EEGI).

InSmart is a three year, European funded project which involves four European Cities working in partnership towards a sustainable energy future. The InSMART project brings together cities, scientific and industrial organizations in order to implement a comprehensive model for enhancing sustainable planning addressing the current and future city energy needs through an integrative and multidisciplinary planning approach.

OffshoreGrid is a techno-economic study within the Intelligent Energy Europe programme. It will develop a scientifically based view on an offshore grid in Northern Europe along with a suited regulatory framework considering technical, economic, policy and regulatory aspects.

The overall objective of the S3C project is to foster “smart” energy behavior of households and SMEs in Europe via active user participation. The project developed and tested an innovative toolkit to facilitate activation and long-term engagement of all three end-user dimensions (Smart Consumer, Smart Customer, The Smart Citizen).

Transmission System Operators – TSO

Amprion GmbH operates a transmission system between Lower Saxony and the border to Switzerland and Austria.

National Grid
National Grid is an international electricity and gas company and one of the largest investor-owned energy companies in the world. National Grid owns and maintains the high-voltage electricity transmission system in England and Wales, together with operating the system across the whole of Great Britain.

Website of the four German TSOs regarding the national development plan grid – the website is for public information.

RTE is the French TSO in charge of the operation, the maintenance and the development of the high and very high voltage grid (100 000km from 63 to 400kV), and also managing the interconnection lines with other European countries. It is a company of about 8500 people and the largest TSO in Europe.

Statnett is the TSO of the Norwegian electric power system. The Norwegian electricity grid is split into three levels: main grid, regional grid and distribution grid. Statnett is Norway’s national main grid owner and operator, and responsible for all high voltage electricity transmission and distribution in Norway.

The Terna Group is a leading electricity transmission grid operator, no. 1 independent Transmission System Operator in Europe and the sixth largest in the world. Through Terna Rete Italia the Group safely manages the National Transmission Grid with over 63,500 km of HV lines.

50Hertz is responsible for the operation, maintenance, planning, and expansion of the 380/220 kilovolt transmission grid throughout the northern and eastern part of Germany.


Civil Society Organizations – CSO

BirdLife Europe
BirdLife Europe is a Partnership of 49 national conservation organisations and a leader in biodiversity conservation. Our Partners are present in 48 European and Central Asian Countries, including all EU Member States.

The Italian Association for the protection of birds (associated to Birdlife International).

Germanwatch is a Germany-based NGO working on issues concerning global equity and the preservation of livelihoods, such as the prevention of climate change.

CIVILSCAPE is an international association of 87 civil society organizations from 31 European countries, dedicated to protection, management and planning of landscape. According to the “European Landscape Convention” landscape includes the whole territory of a country as it is an important part of the quality of life for people.

RSPB is the UK branch of BirdLife International and is the largest wildlife conservation organization in Europe, with the vision to work for a better environment rich in birds and wildlife.


The European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) contributes to coordinate a massive public research effort to develop more efficient and cheaper low carbon energy technologies. Wind turbines and solar panels, building a “smart” electricity grid, harnessing energy from the oceans and underground heat sources, as well as finding new ways to store and use energy instead of wasting it. EERA is the public research pillar of the EU Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan). This tightly focused strategy aims at accelerating the development and market uptake of key low carbon technologies.

The changes in energy policy reflect a re-orientation away from specific technological solutions and markets towards ‘system’ transformation. This reorientation recognises that technological solutions alone are likely to be insufficient to address the ‘grand challenges’ in energy and that enhanced policy advice is necessary to understand the complex interaction of a variety of socio-technical elements, such as consumer behaviour and acceptance, markets and technologies.

ISGAN is the short name for the International Energy Agency (IEA) Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Smart Grids (ISGAN). ISGAN creates a mechanism for multilateral government-to-government collaboration to advance the development and deployment of smarter electric grid technologies, practices, and systems. It aims to improve the understanding of smart grid technologies, practices, and systems and to promote adoption of related enabling government policies.

ISGAN – Annex 7
Smart Grid Transitions – The main objective of this Annex is to investigate institutional change associated with Smart Grid deployment. Non-technical aspects and framework conditions conducive to Smart Grid deployment are at its focus, by addressing societal needs, political governance, policies, regulatory aspects and human behavior taking into account the diversity of institutional structures and governance traditions of ISGAN countries.

The European Technology Platform for Electricity Networks of the Future, also called ETP SmartGrids, is the key European forum for the crystallisation of policy and technology research and development pathways for the smart grids sector, as well as the link between EU-level related initiatives.


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