Assessment of the state of the art and the analysis of current forms of public and stakeholder involvement
Comparison of the different permitting procedures, highlighting strengths and weaknesses of each procedures
Producing global advices for the other WP and providing data for the WP6
The WP focuses on institutional and regulatory contexts and different forms of public participation. Additionally, an emphasis will be made on contextual tools created to fill the gap between Environmental Impact Assessments and expectations of stakeholders and residents, and evaluation methodologies. This theoretical work will make it possible to have a global understanding of research and experimentations that already exist.
The first task will be dedicated to review the existing researches dealing with the public acceptance of impacting infrastructures and more specifically of energy facilities. It is important to extend the scope of the literature review beyond the electric grid. As a matter of fact, even if some concerns, impacts and demands are very specific to this kind of linear facilities, some experiences and conclusions could feed the reflection. As regards the possible conflicts raised by stakeholders, we consider tools to carry out a conflict analysis and the attempts to reduce it, in order to:
highlight the presence of conflicts among stakeholders;
identify the conflicting stakeholders;
measure the degree of conflict;
provide information to manage conflicts and support negotiation.
Furthermore, to classify and give sense to this critical review, the work focuses on four main topics:
Tackling the different impacts – real or hypothetical – such as health consequences and improving a reciprocal social learning.
The public participation process (Procedural justice)
The possible compensation of the environmental and social impacts that could not be avoided or reduced.
The way of planning the needs in power and of implementing consequently land use policies.
This task will integrate a comparison of the permitting procedures. Additionally, we will define the point of convergences and divergences between the different national contexts and identify what processes are fruitful.
The final result will be a set of best practices and a tool box that could be used in the WP “Case studies” (WP6). After a meeting with the different participants of the project INSPIRE-Grid, a focus will be made on the best practices. A typology of the most efficient tools according the degree of conflict and of the institutional contexts will be drawn up. Eventually, the most promising tools will be further applied in the case studies.